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Archive | February, 2018
Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral removed through shafts or tunnels.
Surface mining began in the mid-sixteenth century and is practiced throughout the world, although the majority of surface coal mining occurs in North America. It gained popularity throughout the 20th century, and surface mines now produce most of the coal mined in the United States.
In most forms of surface mining, heavy equipment, such as earthmovers, first remove the overburden. Next, huge machines, such as dragline excavators or Bucket wheel excavators, extract the mineral.
Bitcoin Magazine is one of the original news and print magazine publishers specializing in Bitcoin and digital currencies. Bitcoin Magazine began publishing in 2012, and was co-founded by Vitalik Buterin and Mihai Alisie. It is currently owned and operated by BTC Media in Nashville, Tennessee. Richtopia listed Bitcoin Magazine as #8 on its “Top 100 most influential companies in blockchain.”
Mining is the removal of valuable mineral deposits or other geological materials from the planet earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer first deposit. These debris form a mineralized package deal that is of monetary interest to the miner.
Ores retrieved by mining include metals, coal, essential oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, sizing stone, rock sodium, potash, gravel, and clay. Mining must obtain any materials that can’t be grown up through agricultural procedures, or created artificially in a lab or manufacturing plant. Mining in a wider sense includes removal of any non-renewable reference such as petroleum, gas, or even drinking water.
Mining of rocks and metal is a individual activity since pre-historic times. Modern mining functions entail prospecting for ore systems, research of the revenue potential of the proposed mine, removal of the required materials, and last reclamation of the land following the mine is shut down. De Re Metallica, Georgius Agricola, 1550, Reserve I, Para. 1)_
Mining functions usually create a poor environmental impact, both through the mining activity and following the mine has finished. Hence, almost all of the world’s countries have passed laws to diminish the impact. Work safe practices is definitely a problem as well, and modern methods have significantly improved upon safe practices in mines.
Degrees of metals recycling are usually low. Unless future end-of-life recycling rates are stepped up, some exceptional metals could become unavailable for use in a number of consumer products. Because of the low recycling rates, some landfills now contain higher concentrations of material than mines themselves.
In motor racing, BTC Touring (BTC-T) was the set of new regulations for the British Touring Car Championship (BTCC) introduced in 2001 BTCC, after the demise of the Supertouring category.
The cars were based on standard bodyshells, but were allowed significant modifications to turn the car into a racecar and differentiate it from the Super Production class that would run alongside BTC Touring in the 2001 BTCC.
Cloud Mining is the process of bitcoin mining utilizing a remote datacenter with shared processing power. This type of cloud mining enables users to mine bitcoins or alternative cryptocurrencies without managing the hardware. The mining rigs are housed and maintained in a facility owned by mining company and the customer simply needs to register and purchase mining contracts or shares. Since Cloud Mining is provided as a service there is generally some cost and this can result in lower returns for the miner.
The Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) is a territorial council in Assam state of India which have jurisdictions in the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts. It was established according to the Memorandum of Settlement of 10 February 2003. BTC came into existence immediately after surrender of Bodo Liberation Tigers Force (BLTF) cadres. The BLTF laid down their weapons on 6 December 2003 under the leadership of Hagrama Mohilary and Hagrama was sworn in as the Chief Executive Member (CEM) on 7 December 2003. The BTC has 46 executive members each looking after a specific area of control called somisthi. The area under the BTC jurisdiction is officially called the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts (BTAD). The region falls within the geographical map of least developed region in India. The agro-based economy is the only source of livelihood of the people. Industrialisation and other employment opportunities are scant.
The BTAD consists of four contiguous districts — Kokrajhar, Baksa, Udalguri and Chirang — carved out of seven existing districts — Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup, Darrang and Sonitpur — an area of 8,822 km² (35% of Assam). It’s establishment was under the sixth schedule of the Constitution of India.
Money laundering is concealing the transformation of profits from illegal activities and corruption into ostensibly “legitimate” assets. The dilemma of illicit activities is accounting for the origin of the proceeds of such activities without raising the suspicion of law enforcement agencies. Accordingly, considerable time and effort is put into devising strategies which enable the safe use of those proceeds without raising unwanted suspicion. Implementing such strategies is generally called money laundering. After money has been suitably laundered or “cleaned”, it can be used in the mainstream economy for accumulation of wealth, such as acquisitions of properties, or otherwise spent. Law enforcement agencies of many jurisdictions have set up sophisticated systems in an effort to detect suspicious transactions or activities, and many have set up international cooperative arrangements to assist each other in these endeavours.
In a number of legal and regulatory systems, the term money laundering has become conflated with other forms of financial and business crime, and is sometimes used more generally to include misuse of the financial system (involving things such as securities, digital currencies, credit cards, and traditional currency), including terrorism financing and evasion of international sanctions. Most anti-money laundering laws openly conflate money laundering (which is concerned with source of funds) with terrorism financing (which is concerned with destination of funds) when regulating the financial system.
Some countries treat obfuscation of sources of money as also constituting money laundering, whether it is intentional or by merely using financial systems or services that do not identify or track sources or destinations. Other countries define money laundering in such a way as to include money from activity that would have been a crime in that country, even if the activity was legal where the actual conduct occurred.
Mining engineering is an engineering discipline that applies science and technology to the extraction of minerals from the earth. Mining engineering is associated with many other disciplines, such as geology, mineral processing and metallurgy, geotechnical engineering and surveying. A mining engineer may manage any phase of mining operations – from exploration and discovery of the mineral resource, through feasibility study, mine design, development of plans, production and operations to mine closure.
With the process of Mineral extraction, some amount of waste and uneconomic material are generated which are the primary source of pollution in the vicinity of mines. Mining activities by their nature cause a disturbance of the natural environment in and around which the minerals are located. Mining engineers must therefore be concerned not only with the production and processing of mineral commodities, but also with the mitigation of damage to the environment both during and after mining as a result of the change in the mining area.
We talk about targeting the right people for your product, but just how valuable is it to know your audience?
Here’s a quick case study of a deodorant that became a top seller through nothing more than pinpoint targeting of its customers:
In Brandwashed: Tricks Companies use to Manipulate Our Minds and Persuade Us to Buy, we learn how Axe Deodorant took over their market through targeting.
Unilever executive David Cousino tells us that Unilever first analyzed the potential male deodorant user by breaking men down into six profiles:
- The Predator — He takes advantage of drunk girls, and lies about his job and where he lives
- Natural Talent — Athletic, smart, and confident. He doesn’t need to lie to score
- Marriage Material — Humble and respectful, he’s the sort of guy you want to bring home to Mom and Dad
- Always the Friend — He always hits that glass ceiling
- The Insecure Novice — He has absolutely no clue what he’s doing, and things get awkward fast — the geeks and nerds
- The Enthusiastic Novice — He has absolutely no clue what he’s doing, but he’s outgoing and tries valiantly anyway
Based on these six profiles, they chose to target the ‘Insecure Novice,’ since these are the guys who need the most help in getting women.
And frankly, this is the target market that could most easily be persuaded into buying a product – ANY product – that could potentially help them get over their nerdiness and get the woman. Or women. Lots of women.
The next step was to create the ads. Research showed that the ultimate male fantasy isn’t to have just one woman at a time – it’s to be irresistible to several sexy women at once. (Seriously, did they really need research to determine this?)
That’s why the TV ads proclaim that if you use Axe Deodorant, you will get the chicks. ALL the chicks.
Axe came out of nowhere to be the #1 male antiperspirant / deodorant brand.
Notice they weren’t targeting EVERY man. They didn’t target married men, old men, men who could already get women on their own and so forth. They targeted ONE demographic – men in their 20’s and 30’s who were nerdy and had trouble getting women.
But in the process, they had a great deal of crossover into the other groups as well.
This is an added benefit of targeting that most marketers don’t realize. They think in order to get the biggest share of the market, they must target everyone.
But when you target everyone, you tend to get almost no one. Paradoxically, when you target one specific group, you tend to get customers from all the other groups as well.
One side note: In this case, Axe’s marketing worked almost TOO well. High school kids were completely dousing themselves in Axe, thinking they would get every girl in class to fall all over them.
Instead, school districts complained of kids reeking of the cologne-like smell.
How could Axe have fixed this? Perhaps by cautioning its users that because of the power of Axe, a normal amount was actually more effective than going full coverage.
Instead, Axe backpedaled a bit from their original campaign, and sales declined.
Which is another lesson – when you find a target market that works for your product – or better still, you target your product to the right market – don’t change what’s working.
Here’s what you can do:
- Make a list of potential target markets for your next product.
- From that list, choose the market – or demographic – you want to target.
- Create a profile of ONE person in that market – this is your ideal customer.
- Tailor your product and your message to that one person.
- Dance around your office as you see the sales come flooding into your in box.
Stop targeting everyone and start targeting your ideal customer. Once you do, it will become clear how you should market, where you’ll find your customers, and how to get them on board. And yes, your sales will almost certainly increase.